Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett GBE was an English political leader, activist, writer and feminist icon. Sie war davon überzeugt, dass zwischen Männern und Frauen nicht unbedingt ein Interessenkonflikt bestehen müsse: Beide Geschlechter könnten ihrer Meinung nach durch das Frauenwahlrecht viel gewinnen. Millicent Fawcett (11 June 1847 – 5 August 1929) was a British suffragette and the leader of the moderate National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) from 1897 to 1919. [3], Fawcett wrote three books, one co-authored with her husband Henry, and many articles, some published posthumously. Millicent Garrett came from a relatively wealthy background, and was the younger sister of Elizabeth Garrett (Britain's first licensed female doctor). "[2] Fawcett tried to improve women's chances of higher education, serving as a governor of Bedford College, London (now Royal Holloway), and co-founder of Newnham College, Cambridge in 1875. She led the biggest suffrage organisation, the non-violent (NUWSS) from 1890-1919 and played a key role in gaining women the vote. Her inscription reads: "Dame Millicent Garratt Fawcett 1847-1929. Millicent died in London and was cremated at Golders Green. After the death of Lydia Becker, Fawcett became leader of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), Britain's main suffragist organisation. Millicent Fawcett, following the death of the suffragette Emily Davison “I can never feel that setting fire to houses and churches and litter boxes and destroying valuable pictures really helps to convince people that women ought to be enfranchised.” Millicent Fawcett A Short Biography of Millicent Fawcett Millicent Fawcett was born in Aldeburgh, Suffolk, England in 1847 to a wealthy, middle-class family. In 1867, Millicent married Henry Fawcett, a professor of political economy at Cambridge University. 100 years after women won the right to vote, the first statue of a woman on Parliament Square is to be unveiled. That year, she joined the first executive committee of the newly founded London National Society for Women’s Suffrage (LNSWS). she was appointed during the Boer War in 1901 to inquire into conditions in British concentration camps) and spent less time writing on economic subjects. The presentation on Millicent Fawcett covers her childhood, early political involvement and … [4][5][6], Millicent Garrett Fawcett was born on 11 June 1847 in Aldeburgh,[3] to Newson Garrett (1812–1893), a businessman from nearby Leiston, and his wife Louisa (née Dunnell, 1813–1903) from London. Unter ihrer Leitung unterstützte die NUWSS nicht nur den Kampf für das Frauenstimmrecht, sondern setzte sich auch für andere Themen ein. Although people today often identify the militant Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters with the struggle, Fawcett contributed more than anyone else to British women obtaining the right to vote in parliamentary elections. Lyndall Gordon calls this an "influential essay", in which Fawcett reasserted the reputation of the early feminist philosopher and claimed her as a foremother of the struggle for the vote. Sie hielt nicht gerne Reden in der Öffentlichkeit, hatte jedoch ein überdurchschnittliches Organisationstalent. Worrying that although Millicent fought for women and children’s rights in Britain, she didn’t seem to express any empathy for the Boer women and children. In 1865, she attended a lecture by John Stuart Mill and the following year, with friend Emily Davies, supported the Kensington Society by collecting signatures for a petition asking Parliament to enfranchise women householders. [3] When she resumed work in 1885, Fawcett began to concentrate on politics and was a key member of what became the Women's Local Government Society. Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847–1929) is best known today as a leading suffragist and campaigner, most notably as president of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). The men who infected the women were not subject to the Acts, which were repealed through campaigning by Fawcett and others. Millicent Garrett Fawcett von Ray Strachey und eine große Auswahl ähnlicher Bücher, Kunst und Sammlerstücke erhältlich auf AbeBooks.de. Besonders am Herzen lag Millicent Garrett Fawcett die Bildung und Ausbildung von Mädchen und Frauen. Millicent Fawcett war eine prominente Feministin und Frauenwahlrechtsaktivistin.Sie trat 1874 dem Zentralkomitee der National Society for Women’s Suffrage in London bei, das 1877 neu aufgestellt wurde. They required prostitutes to be examined for sexually transmitted diseases and if they were found to have passed disease to their clients, to be imprisoned. [3], Fawcett began her political career at the age of 22, at the first women's suffrage meeting. Als Millicent 12 Jahre alt war, ging ihre ältere Schwester, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, nach London, um sich den Zugang zum Medizinstudium zu erkämpfen. Ihre Eltern, Newson Garrett und Louise Dunnell, besaßen ein erfolgreiches Unternehmen und konnten es sich leisten, allen ihren Kindern (auch den Töchtern) eine gute Bildung zukommen zu lassen. [33], In 2018, 100 years after the passing of the Representation of the People Act, for which Fawcett had successfully campaigned and which granted limited franchise, she became the first woman to be commemorated with a statue in Parliament Square, by the sculptor Gillian Wearing. At the turn of the century, Millicent Garrett Fawcett was Britain's most important leader in the fight for women's suffrage. Millicent Garrett married women's suffrage supporter Henry Fawcett MP in 1867, and published an article on women's education the same year, at the age of 20. After the death of Lydia Becker, Fawcett became leader of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), Britain's main suffragist organisation. [16], Despite many interests and duties, Millicent, with Agnes Garrett, raised four of their cousins, who had been orphaned at an early age: Amy Garrett Badley, Fydell Edmund Garrett, Elsie Garrett (later a prominent botanical artist in South Africa), and Elsie's twin, John. [27], She died in 1929 at her home in Gower Street, London. Became involved in her teenage years in Women's emancipation. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Millicent Fawcett in höchster Qualität. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dame_Millicent_Garrett_Fawcett_GBE_LLD 1884 starb Henry Fawcett an den Folgen einer Diphtherie. [3], Fawcett had backed countless campaigns over many years. In 1884, her husband, Henry, abruptly became ill because of the long illness. National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies, Biografie, Literatur & Quellen zu Millicent Garrett Fawcett, Suffragette and equal rights campaigner Millicent Fawcett to be first woman statue in Parliament Square a century after she dedicated her life to getting British women the right to vote, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Millicent_Garrett_Fawcett&oldid=201278595, Dame Grand Cross des Order of the British Empire, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Zum Andenken an den 100. The WSPU was called jingoistic for its leaders' strong support for the war. Millicent Garrett Fawcett wählte den gewaltlosen Weg. [3], John Stuart Mill introduced her to many other women's rights activists, including Henry Fawcett, a Liberal Member of Parliament who had intended to marry her sister Elizabeth before she decided to focus on her medical career. [17], After her husband died on 6 November 1884, Fawcett temporarily withdrew from public life, sold both family homes and moved with Philippa to the house of her sister, Agnes Garrett. English political reformer, economist, and wife of Cambridge professor Henry Fawcett . Millicent fought for the civil rights of the Uitlanders, "as the cause of revival of interest in women's suffrage". The NUWSS continued to campaign for the vote during the war and used the situation to its advantage by pointing out the contribution women had made to the war effort. [22] By 1905, Fawcett's NUWSS had 305 constituent societies and almost 50,000 members, compared with the WSPU's 2,000 members in 1913. Millicent Garrett Fawcett war eine moderate Frauenrechtlerin. 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