ferrite fractions will equal the fraction of total ferrite, that is, ...1.When was Gujarat formed? Values The team successfully located and exhumed the remains of victims. MR.HASMUKH SHAH HAS BEEN HOLDING THE OFFICE OF CHAIRMAN OF GUJARAT GAS COMPANY LTD SINCE 1999. [71] After more than two months of violence a unanimous vote to authorize central intervention was passed in the upper house of parliament. Like the Gujarat earthquake it caused massive damage. MR.HASMUKH SHAH – CHAIRMAN [16][64] The rioters used mobile phones to coordinate their attacks. These camps were backed and supported by the BJP and RSS. 0.76 − 0.022 [112] After more than two years of acquittals, the Supreme Court of India stepped in, transferring key cases to the Bombay High Court and ordering the police to reopen two thousand cases that had been previously closed. The colony was later visited by Modi on 6 March, who promised the residents that they would be taken care of. The tone of their most recent report was reported by the Tribune as "lenient". Even a 20-day-old infant, or a fetus in the womb of its mother, was not spared. What brother, should we run relief camps? = Nadiad Undhiyu is prepared on this day Pitts also wrote to then United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice requesting Modi be refused a visa. [66] A government minister stated that although the circumstances were tense in Baroda and Ahmedabad, the situation was under control, and that the police who had been deployed were enough to prevent any violence. [182] Srivastava denied the allegation,[183] and an inquiry committee appointed by the Supreme Court drew an "adverse inference" from the video footage, though it failed to uncover evidence that money was actually paid. Read breaking and latest godhra kand News in Hindi in India's No. Edwina Wilson No efforts were made to protect the witnesses and Raghavan himself was said to be an "absentee investigator," who spent only a few days every month in Gujarat, with the investigations being conducted by the remainder of the team. . The party gained in all the constituencies affected by the communal violence and a number of candidates implicated in the violence were elected, which in turn ensured freedom from prosecution. Jul 13, 2016, 12:35 PM IST Fraud On the statewide riots, the CCT reported that, several days before the Godhra incident, which was the excuse used for the attacks, homes belonging to Hindus in Muslim areas had been marked with pictures of Hindu deities or saffron flags, and that this had been done to prevent any accidental assaults on Hindu homes or businesses. Sarbanes–Oxley Act was introduced into law July 30, 2002. [132], Eight people, including a VHP leader and a member of the BJP, were convicted for the murder of seven members of a family and the rape of two minor girls in the village of Eral in Panchmahal district. The newspaper also used a quote from a VHP leader as a headline, "Avenge with blood." One minister who spoke with Rediff.com stated that though the circumstances were tense in Baroda and Ahmedabad, the situation was under control, and that the police who had been deployed were enough to prevent any violence. As Gujarat burns in the aftermath of riots, the Vadodara-Godhra highway is dotted with the charred remains of vehicles and blazing factories. A petition was set up by Coalition Against Genocide led by Angana Chatterji and signed by 125 academics requesting that Modi be refused a diplomatic visa. [58][59], Following the attack on the train, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) called for a statewide bandh, or strike. Yakub Pataliya, one of the most wanted accused in the 2002 Sabarmati Express burnig case, was on the run for 16 years and arrested in January, 2018 by Gujarat Police. This 4-star hotel offers a 24-hour front desk, room service and free wifi. This contradicts the state government's statement during the violence that: "Bail applications of all accused persons are being strongly defended and rejected. "[163] Overall, 27,780 people were arrested. Children were also killed in front of their parents. HC acquits 14, upholds life sentence of 17 in Sardarpura case. [206] In 2005, Modi was refused a US visa as someone held responsible for a serious violation of religious freedom. Out of Sarbanes-Oxley the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or PCAOB was created and is charged with overseeing, regulating, inspecting and disciplining accounting firms in their roles as auditors of public companies. 2.Who was Gujarat 1st c.m? [196], Taking a stand decried by the media and other rights groups, Nafisa Hussain, a member of the National Commission for Women accused organisations and the media of needlessly exaggerating the plight of women victims of the riots,[197][198][199] which was strongly disputed as Gujarat did not have a State Commission for Women to act on the ground. For a 99.65 wt% Fe – 0.35 wt% C alloy at a temperature just below the It was basically introduced after major corporate and accounting scandals including the scandals of Enron, WorldCom etc so that the same kind of scandals do not repeat again. It has been Bhatt's claim—made in an affidavit before the apex court and in statements to the SIT and the amicus—that he was present at the meeting where Modi allegedly said Hindus must be allowed to carry out retaliatory violence against Muslims. THE BG ACUIRED A MAJORITY STAKE IN THE COMPANY IN 1997. Rioters also flooded homes and electrocuted entire families inside. [24][25] Other observers have stated that these events had met the "legal definition of genocide,"[26] or referred to them as state terrorism or ethnic cleansing. 42, Iss. [42], In 2003, The Concerned Citizens Tribunal (CCT)[Note 1] concluded that the fire had been an accident. LISTED: The paper carried reports to highlight communal harmony. [80] [169] They also claimed to have carried out the 2008 Delhi bombings in revenge for mistreatment of Muslims, referencing the destruction of the Babri Mosque and the violence in Gujarat 2002. "[110] In support of this, the US Ambassador at-large for International Religious Freedom, John Hanford, expressed concern over religious intolerance in Indian politics and said that while the rioters may have been aided by state and local officials, he did not believe that the BJP-led central government was involved in inciting the riots. (b) The fractions of the proeutectoid ferrite and pearlite. [68][69] Once troops were airlifted in on 1 March, Modi stated that the violence was no longer as intense as it had been and that it would soon be brought under control. The property The BJP capitalised on the violence using posters and videotapes of the Godhra incident and painting Muslims as terrorists. [92] According to police records, 157 riots after the Godhra incident were started by Muslims. A coach of the train--Coach S6--was set ablaze and 59 passengers travelling in that coach were charred to death. Dang(South Gujarat) The Godhra burning was investigated by a SIT and on March 1, 2011, a special court convicted 31 people and acquitted 63 while accepting the prosecution's argument that there was a conspiracy to burn Coach S6 of the Sabarmati Express. The Editors Guild of India, in its report on media ethics and coverage on the incidents stated that the news coverage was exemplary, with only a few minor lapses. Ame paanch, Amara pachhees! "[218], On 23 May 2008, the Union Government announced a 3.2 billion rupee (US$80 million) relief package for the victims of the riots. Rakesh Asthana, a 1984 batch IPS officer, had as inspector-general overseen the initial probe into the Godhra train burning that culminated in the 2002 Gujarat riots. [40], The government of Gujarat set up Gujarat High Court judge K. G. Shah as a one-man commission to look into the incident,[41] but following outrage among families of victims and in the media over Shah's alleged closeness to Modi, retired Supreme Court judge G.T. Many contrasting views … [67] Gordhan Zadafia, the Minister of State for Home, believed there would be no retaliation from the Hindu community for the train burning. PRIOR TO THIS, MR. SHAH WAS CHAIRMAN AND MANAGING DIRECTOR OF INDIANPETROCHEMICALS CORPORATION LTD. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The earthquake took place in San Francisco, California USA (MEDC) measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. In the Naroda Patiya mass grave of ninety-six bodies, forty-six were women. Prepared By The leaders of the mobs even raped young girls, some as young as 11 years old . 20.Festival Celebrated as per English Calender? Prepared For Numbers of major corporate and accounting scandals, such as Enron, Tyco International, WorldCom, and others, shook public confidence and cost investors billions of dollars when companies collapsed. Introduction 1 The court also set aside the acquittal of the remaining seven accused in the case, including Gujarat police officers and doctors of a government hospital, who were charged with suppressing and tampering with evidence. [6] Some rioters even had printouts of voter registration lists, allowing them to selectively target Muslim properties. Within a few months Nanavati, before hearing any testimony declared there was no evidence of lapses by either the police or government in their handling of the violence. The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, is cited as having instigated the violence. . GODHRA KAND PDF - 1. (6,03,83,628 approx) ACC 561 "[89] Testimony heard by the committee stated that: A chilling technique, absent in pogroms unleashed hitherto but very much in evidence this time in a large number of cases, was the deliberate destruction of evidence. 11.Biggest River Gujarat announces Rs 5 lakh each for families of 2002 Godhra train carnage Feb 14, 2019 23:41 The Gujarat government on Thursday announced a … from godhra fire to gujarat riots As the train started to leave Godhra railway station, the driver said in his statement, emergency chains were pulled a few times forcing a stop at the outer signal. [104] Critical reporting on the Gujarat government's handling of the situation helped bring about the Indian government's intervention in controlling the violence. In the resulting conflagration, 59 people (nine men, 25 women, and 25 children) burned to death. The Indian Supreme Court, acting on a petition by social activist Teesta Setalvad, ordered a retrial outside Gujarat in which nine accused were found guilty in 2006. . [62] Local newspapers and members of the state government used the statement to incite violence against the Muslim community by claiming, without proof,[47] that the attack on the train was carried out by Pakistan's intelligence agency and that local Muslims had conspired with them to attack Hindus in the state. 1, 2012, Nandini Sundar, "A licene to kill: Patterns of violence in Gujarat", in, Setalvad in dock for 'cooking up killings'. The Head Quarter of the University is Godhra Panchmahals. Activists and members of the opposition insisted on a judicial commission to be set up and headed by a sitting judge rather than a retired one from the high court. What is the Gujarat Godhra incident? [211][212], By 27 March 2002, nearly one-hundred thousand displaced people moved into 101 relief camps. Therefore, "[6], Throughout the violence, attacks were made in full view of police stations and police officers who did not intervene. It is alleged that he, as the Chief Minister, tacitly approved the violence triggered by the Godhra train burning incident. 2002 क ग धर क ड क श र आत क ल कर तम म अप ष ट कह न य ह . The court case began in 2009, and over three hundred people (including victims, witnesses, doctors, and journalists) testified before the court. [24][27][30][32][33][34][35][36], On the morning of 27 February 2002, the Sabarmati Express, returning from Ayodhya to Ahmedabad, stopped near the Godhra railway station. ", Further promotion of communal violence by Shiv sena, VHP and Muslim extremist groups, Organisational changes and political reactions, The Concerned Citizen's Tribunal (CCT) was an eight-member committee headed by. alloy composition is 99.65 wt% Fe – 0.35 wt% C, i.e. Tyco 2 (c) All ferrite is either proeutectoid or eutectoid. Bhuj It is named after the two sponsors, U.S. (a) This part of the problem is solved by application of the lever rule employing a ,and … Despite the relatively few attacks by Muslim mobs on Hindu neighbourhoods, twenty-four Muslims were reported to have died in police shootings.[99][100]. . Many incidents such as Satyagraha were started in Gujarat. carbon concentration in the All the 28 Muslims arrested within 24 hours of the train burning –and before the eruption of the post-Godhra violence – were found to have been framed. I still don't understand that why Media and few Muslims still think that Modi allowed the riots to take place. Kutch . W α' + W αe = W α The Gujarat High Court pronounced its verdict today on a set of appeals challenging convictions and acquittals by a special SIT court in the 2002 Godhra train coach burning case. Wαe = Wα − Wα' = 0.95 − 0.56 = 0.39 Human rights activists and Indian solicitors have urged that legislation be passed so that "communal violence is treated as genocide. [97] Hindu doctors were asked to stop practicing in Muslim areas after one Hindu doctor was stabbed. कई पत्रकारों का मानना है कि 2002 में गोधरा में साबरमती एक्सप्रेस पर हुए हमले की शुरुआत दाहोद रेलवे स्टेशन पर हुई एक घटना से हुई थी. HISTORY: The CCT investigation also discovered evidence that the VHP and the Bajrang Dal had training camps in which people were taught to view Muslims as an enemy. The Godhra Verdict: The Conspiracy Theory. He said "Hindus are frustrated over the role of Muslims in the on-going violence in Indian-administered Kashmir and other parts of India. The committee concluded that the fire had begun inside the train and was most likely accidental. Munawar is a Muslim Stand-up comedian. It was the result of something else. MR.SUDHIR MANKAND –DIRECTOR (a) The fractions of total ferrite and cementite phase. The Gujarat government denied his allegations, claiming that they were "baseless" and based on malice because Sreekumar had not been promoted. It recommended that five critical cases should be transferred to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Makar Sankranti (14th January) AS OF 2010 GUJARAT GAS LTD SUPPLIED PIPED GAS TO OVER 3,00,000 HOMES, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENTS ACROSS GUJARAT. Morarji Desai False stories were also printed by local newspapers which claimed that Muslim people had kidnapped and raped Hindu women.[63]. [133][134], Fifty-two people from Pavagadh and Dhikva villages in Panchmahal district were acquitted of rioting charges for lack of evidence. The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom,[4][5][6][7] was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat. "[152], Early in 2003, the state government of Gujarat set up the Nanavati-Shah commission to investigate the entire incident, from the initial one at Godhra to the ensuing violence. [172], Human Rights Watch has accused the state of orchestrating a cover-up of their role in the violence. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi O Hindus, take weapons in your hands and remove this cancer from your roots. [158] According to B G Verghese, the Tehelka expose was far too detailed to have been fake. [105], Many scholars and commentators have accused the state government of being complicit in the attacks, either in failing to exert any effort to quell the violence or for actively planning and executing the attacks themselves. Most of them were Hindu. 18 Properties in Godhra from 7.1 lakhs. Nanavati And Mr. Justice Akshay H. Mehta, Detailed Report on the Godhra riots by the Concerned Citizens Tribunal, U.S DEPARTMENT of STATE:Issue of Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi's Visa Status, Scarred: Experiments with Violence in Gujarat, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Decline of Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent, Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Persecution of Muslims during Ottoman contraction, Persecution of Christians in the Eastern Bloc, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Attacks by Islamic extremists in Bangladesh, Pakistani Islamisation programme referendum, 1984, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2002_Gujarat_riots&oldid=995696166, Attacks on religious buildings and structures in India, Sexual violence at riots and crowd disturbances, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 11:43. Media coverage was generally critical of the Hindu right; however, the BJP portrayed the coverage as an assault on the honor of Gujaratis and turned the hostility into an emotive part of their electoral campaign. IT ESTABLISHED IN 1980 AND HEADQUARTERD IN AHMEDABAD.THE COMPANY OPERATES PRIMARILY IN GUJRAT.THE COMPANY WENT PUBLIC IN 1991. Fe3C - Cα "[151], The state government commissioned J. G. Shah to conduct, what became, a controversial one man inquiry into the Godhra incident, its credibility was questioned and the NHRC and the National Minorities Commission requested that a sitting judge from the supreme court be appointed. Narmada The government did not attempt to stop the initial outbreak of violence across the state. [171] In August 2002 Shahid Ahmad Bakshi, an operative for the militant group Lashkar-e-Toiba planned to assassinate Modi, Pravin Togadia of the VHP, and other members of the right wing nationalist movement to avenge the 2002 Gujarat violence. "[87] Children and infants were speared and held aloft before being thrown into fires. Then strut up and down. If there was a “conspiracy” in Godhra, it was not by the Muslims. The problem with our judicial system is, it’s being controlled by powerful people in Lutyens and the liberals. [126] In January 2008, eleven men were sentenced to life imprisonment for rapes and murders and a policeman was convicted of falsifying evidence. [220], The Gujarat State Higher Secondary Board, to which nearly 98 percent of schools in Gujarat belong, requires the use of certain textbooks in which Nazism is condoned. On 19 March Modi was denied a diplomatic visa and his tourist visa was revoked. "[142], In April 2009, the SIT submitted before the Court that Teesta Setalvad had cooked up cases of violence to spice up the incidents. Panchmahals, Dahod, Mahisagar, Chhota Udepur and Vadodara (Rural). Purpose and Scope 1 Read | Godhra riots: 28 acquitted by Gujarat court after witnesses turn hostile. 24/2015. Should I start children-producing centres there? Narendra Modi, then Chief Minister of Gujarat and later Prime Minister of India, was accused of initiating and condoning the violence, as were police and government officials who allegedly directed the rioters and gave lists of Muslim-owned properties to them. The 2002 violence in Gujarat, Godhra and after was reported widely by the media, both Indian and Global. Gujarat's chief minister deliberately allowed anti-Muslim riots in 2002, which left more than 1,000 people dead, India's Supreme Court hears. [107] Christophe Jaffrelot notes that the SIT was not as independent as commonly believed. Table of Contents Umargam The court passed strictures against the police for failing to protect the people under their escort and failing to identify the attackers they had seen. New aspects were created by Sarbanes-Oxley for corporate accountability as well as new penalties for wrong doings. [85] George Fernandes in a discussion in parliament on the violence caused widespread furor in his defense of the state government, saying that this was not the first time that women had been violated and raped in India.[86]. [31] Scholars studying the 2002 riots state that they were premeditated and constituted a form of ethnic cleansing, and that the state government and law enforcement were complicit in the violence that occurred. [8][9][10][11] Following the initial riot incidents, there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmedabad for three months; statewide, there were further outbreaks of violence against the minority Muslim population of Gujarat for the next one year. . [153] In 2008 Shah died and was replaced by Justice Akshay Mehta, another retired high court judge. 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